Beginner's Guide to Fantasy Football, Part 10 - Footballguys

Our beginner's series offers tips on using the waiver wire

The draft may be over, and the season may have already started, but if you really want to succeed in fantasy football, you're going to keep looking to improve your team each and every week. For every team that derails their season with a poor draft, there is one that turns their season around with a free agency pickup. Every year there are players that emerge from near-obscurity to dominate the fantasy scene. In some leagues last year, Jared Goff, Alex Collins, Marquise were exceptional discoveries. For every team that drafts a playoff-quality squad from the start, there is one that makes the playoffs because of someone they added during the regular season. Here are a couple of areas that you can focus on to find players who may have been overlooked by the other owners in your league.


It seems like every year, there is a rookie player who was drafted in the middle rounds that seems to explode onto the scene. These guys are often overlooked in a fantasy draft because they are just too risky to spend a roster spot on. Catch one of these rising stars early enough, and you can ride them right into the playoffs. Finding one of these guys creates one of the greatest feelings you can ever have in fantasy football: You feel great because you have outguessed every other owner in your league, and as your star continues to rise, every other owner in the league will be reminded of it! There is no better way to trash talk than to be massively successful!

Finding these guys is tricky, but certainly not impossible. You just have to look beyond the game stats. Look for a young player stuck behind a struggling veteran. In the win now attitude of the NFL, loyalty to a veteran player only goes so far. A team may want to shake up their lineup and give the younger player a shot. If that younger player gets their opening, they may never look back. Pick up the backup before the veteran is replaced, and you'll be smiling all the way to the championship.


By the 10th week of the season, it is pretty clear which teams are not going to make the playoffs. With 16 teams in each conference, even teams with 9-7 records can find themselves watching the playoffs from home in January. Teams with fewer than four wins by Week 10 will probably not make the playoffs and may begin to focus on next year. Younger players on these teams can start to see more playing time as the season winds down. Grabbing a rookie or two from one of these teams can give you a player whose stats will increase as the NFL season draws to a close. This kind of performance is perfect for fantasy owners looking for a player who can give them a boost during the playoffs.

To find these guys, you have to do a bit of mid-season projecting. Fantasy free agency typically closes around this time of the season. To see a team that may throw in the towel, you'll have to look at their remaining games. Try to project how they will do in Week 10 through Week 13. A chain of losses during this stretch can kill a season for a team and may lead a coach to call up the younger guys.


It goes without saying that players get hurt in the NFL. Year after year, a guy who is untouchable as an NFL starter goes down to an injury and is finished for the season. When this happens, a backup player who would never see the field is suddenly cemented into the starting lineup for the remainder of the season. Backup players don't hope that their teammates get hurt, but they make damn sure they are ready to take over if they are needed. As a fantasy football player, you need to be ready for this as well. Grabbing one of these guys can give you a solid starter that you would not have had without the injury. It can turn your season around if you have been struggling or can take you deep into the playoffs if you are doing well. Taking advantage of an NFL player's injury may not be a feel-good way to improve your team, but it is a big part of the mid-season free agency activity, and should not be ignored.

A fantasy owner can take a good draft, and ride it all the way to a very successful season. If the cards fall right, they might even take home the super bowl crown. But a true fantasy competitor is always looking to improve their team whenever they can. One key free agent pickup can turn a weak team into a strong one, or a strong one into a champion. Don't be afraid to hit the free agency wire early and often. It can pay huge dividends for your team in the end.

A Brief Look at Making Starting Lineup Decisions

Okay, you've selected your players, analyzed your strengths, grabbed a couple free agents, pulled a trade or two and now you're ready for Game 1. So you glance down at your roster and try to decide who is going to give you that all-important first win. Here are a few tips on how to ensure that your team not only notches its first win but also keeps you in every game, even against the league champion.


This is the single most important piece of information when determining your lineup from week to week. All the research and breaking news in the world won't mean much if it's too late to change your lineup. It is critical that you know when your starting lineup is frozen.

It may sound silly to state this as the most important rule, but you will be surprised at how often it is missed. During the course of the regular season, someone will forget that there's a Thursday game, or that their stud running back is off this week. By the time they realize their mistake, the deadline will have passed, and they'll start someone who is off or sit someone who they should not have.

On Wednesday of each week, grab the schedule and glance at it for a few minutes. Make note of any Thursday or Saturday games that may be scheduled that week. Also, note which teams are off that week. Compare these teams with your roster players and make your changes early. As the deadline approaches, adjust your lineup as necessary.


Another simple rule that sometimes is overlooked. If you've got the No. 4 running back in the league, but they are facing the No. 1 run defense in the league, do you bench them for someone else? No way! Not unless you're lucky enough to have three stud runners on your roster. Your stud players are the guys who will be there week in and out for you. These guys always find a way to contribute. They might not chip in 200 yards and a pair of touchdowns every week, but even against the toughest defenses, these guys can have an impact. Never sit your studs unless they are injured. Period.


The key to posting solid numbers week after week is to put the best team possible on the field. If you can correctly determine your highest scoring player at every position (100% scoring efficiency) you'll win most of your games. It sounds simple, but it's really not. After every loss, you will probably be able to look back on your roster and see a guy who would have won the game for you, if only you had started him.

The key to putting the best team on the field is to look at the opponents of all your players. Is your backup running back playing a team with a weak run defense? If so, you might slip him in as your No. 2. Is your backup quarterback playing a team with a banged up secondary? You might want to start him this week. Is your starting kicker playing outside in the rain or snow? You might want to start your backup instead. Knowing who your players are matched up against can really help maximize your scoring each week.

One very important thing needs to be mentioned again here. Never bench your stud players because your backups have an easier opponent. It is a very bad idea. Don't do it. Always start your stud players. This can't be stressed enough.


Here are a few other things to consider when rounding out your lineup.

  • If your league allows flex positions, always start the players who average the most points each week.
  • If one of your players is on a hot streak, take a chance and move them into the starting lineup in place of your No. 2 guy.
  • If everything else is equal between two players, start the one who is not listed on the injury report. Some points are better than none.
  • As the deadline for your lineup approaches, check for breaking news about injured players. Was your starter downgraded on the injury report? Was a player injured at practice later in the week? A last-minute change in the injury status of a player can leave you with a guaranteed zero from one of your starters. Avoid this if you can.

Follow these simple rules, and you will find that your team will be competitive week after week. Pulling out one or two close victories during the regular season can boost you into the playoffs, or give you a higher overall rank at the end of the year.

Looking to the Playoffs

You have received sufficient advice in other sections regarding how to improve your team at different positions through waiver-wire work and through getting the best you can in trades. So, this section assumes you can already evaluate players and their worth to your team. When evaluating what to do with your team during your push for the playoffs, there are three major issues to consider:

  1. Is your team's personnel ready to make a push?
  2. If you are fairly certain you are making the playoffs, do you have the right players to make a run for the championship?
  3. Does your league have roster move deadlines that will force you to add depth in case of catastrophic injury?


It is past the fantasy mid-season and you are seriously worried about whether you will make the playoffs. What you need to do is evaluate your personnel to see if tinkering is required. If your team is strong but has had bad luck, or has players returning from injury, or is about to hit some favorable matchups for your key players, doing nothing may be the best advice you can give yourself. But, to make an evaluation, you must take a hard look at your team's strength and weaknesses. You need to devalue players who have upside but are not reaching it and you need to be extraordinarily active in seeking a trade or two that will improve your weekly starting lineup over the last half of the season. Of course, don't ignore the waiver wire either.

First, identify your core players and your basic weaknesses. If you have been winning on the strength of starting three running backs in a flex league, consider that strength untouchable. If you have been getting stud quarterback and solid wide receiver play, along with Rob Gronkowski at the tight end spot, to compensate for weak running back play, those are the players that are untouchable. At this point, it is not recommended that you patch a weakness by sacrificing a strength. Amplify your strength by lifting the weak areas of your starting lineup and be prepared to sacrifice some depth. To use a colloquialism, don't change horses in the middle of the stream.

Second, identify the position(s) not pulling their weight. No position is minimal when you are making a playoff push. At this point, adding two to four extra points per week from your off positions could be the deciding factor in winning a game here or there or in accumulating enough points to win tiebreakers that get you into the playoffs. Just as in the NFL playoff pushes, the fantasy push requires increased production from unexpected places. A defense or a kicker with a hot stretch of games could be your edge into the playoffs.

Third, if you are deep in a couple of key areas, especially in areas of your core strengths, it is definitely time to work a trade for a quality player. Players on your bench will not help you get into the playoffs, and if you don't get into the playoffs, nice depth on your squad is meaningless. While it is unlikely you will be able to pry a top-notch running back away from your opponents, you may be able to trade one of your starting backs, plus a backup player from a deep position of strength, for an overall improvement to your weak starting backfield. Unless you have a weekly stud at quarterback, you can try to trade for one who has a favorable stretch of games upcoming. And don't overlook trading depth at a skill position, or even a starter who can be nearly matched by one of your backups, for a top-notch kicker or defense. It is not necessarily a good idea to value those positions in your draft, but during the year, and especially during your push, those positions score well and can make the difference in winning each week.

For a concrete example, if your starting flex running back is getting you eight points a game while your backup is getting you six, and your defense is getting you nine points a game, trading your starting RB2 for a defense that is getting 14 points a game is a net improvement to your starting lineup of three points a game. You now start a squad that is that much closer to having an edge in head-to-head scoring.

Fourth, it is also probably about time to give up on those sleepers and flyers that did not pan out. Players need to contribute immediately, and potential points are worth nothing. These players also may hold sufficient name value in a trade to someone else to help improve your squad with players ready for the push - at the least, they are taking up space for waiver wire additions ready to contribute now. While it always hurts to trade a player who blows up, you have to decide at this point whether you are going to ride the potential on your bench or put more potential points into your starting lineup. You might even be able to work a two-for-one running back trade of your starting RB2 and a bench back with upside for a more solid starting RB2.

Fifth, on the waiver wire, look for players who have temporarily high value. You need a few weeks of high-quality efforts from your team. Players who step in during the season and put up some solid numbers really can push the squads to the playoffs and the titles.

Sixth, a strategy exists in leagues that allow unlimited roster moves of working the waiver wire each week for your kicker and defense based on the most favorable matchups offered that week from among what is available. That strategy can work, but it can be a really difficult thing to manage properly and you end up every other week forced to make a move because you have only added waiver-wire quality players to your team.

When trading and making waiver wire decisions during your push, target players with favorable schedules over the next several weeks and into the playoffs rather than looking purely at weekly average scoring. If you are looking at those factors and others are not, you can make some very wise trades without sacrificing as much as the player is worth to you Keep in mind that quarterbacks are the position most susceptible to matchups It might be a good idea to look for that quarterback with a favorable schedule down the stretch and trade away your solid starting quarterback who has the better name. The overriding concern is making the playoffs and hoping for a run that takes you to the championship - but getting in is the goal right now. Always remember that the push requires a starting lineup that is strong for the rest of the season. Sacrificing some valuable running back/wide receiver depth may be necessary to create that lineup.


Maybe you have decided that major tinkering with your team is not the right thing to do, that your team is strong enough along the starting lineup to make the playoffs, and that the first line of backup depth is too good to sacrifice. Your focus now is squarely on performance once you are in the playoffs - examine your backup players' matchups during the playoff run and see if any minor moves could be made for comparable players with a more favorable schedule during the fantasy playoffs. Your studs and starters should perform regardless but worry about your normally reliable backups being pressed into action during a month that happens to be their toughest part of the schedule - and your most important part of the year.

Getting hot during the playoffs is how many championships are won, but you can manipulate that heat with a little oven work on your backups. You do not want to alter the starting lineup that you are happy with. But, for instance, make sure that if your backup running back is pressed into action during your playoff run, that he isn't facing Minnesota, the Rams, and Jacksonville, in succession over weeks 14-16. Even a solid starting running back would have a tough go in the playoffs facing those teams. Maybe trade that backup running back and another player for a comparable running back who has a more favorable schedule plus a kicker or defense that improves your squad or has a more favorable playoff schedule than your starter.

Many of the principles from part one are obviously applicable to part two. If making moves, focus on what teams that player faces in the playoffs as much as how many points a game he is scoring.

Very important to keep in mind is the NFL reality you will be facing in December. This includes things like whether a losing NFL team will be looking to play its younger players more, whether a warm weather/indoor team with players you have been riding (read: Atlanta, Indianapolis, Houston, Miami, or Detroit) have an inordinate number of December games outdoors in bad weather cities, and whether the team is likely to be playoff bound or eliminated. Also, project whether your players are going to be playing away games in stadiums where the home team needs to win to get in. You simply hate starting players playing in Baltimore in December if the Ravens need to win to get in the playoffs.

Keep in mind that rookie receivers might get significantly more looks in the passing game during the last few games of the year. They will have passed the learning curve for first-year players and, as their teams are eliminated from contention, they will send more looks the rookies' way. NFL reality also includes the give up factor - some veterans simply stop working as hard and stop getting as much offensive attention after their teams are facing a losing season.

So, if you are looking to turn your team from a playoff bound team into a hot team during the playoffs, analyze what is probably going to be happening for your players over the last month of the NFL season. NFL concerns dominate how players are used. Your championship run just happens to coincide with the NFL's playoff push, so those two events are inextricably aligned. While we all know how unpredictable the NFL is during its playoff push, you can consider the fact that some teams collapse each year in December, some teams make a push, and some players get stronger in December. Use that in deciding whether your fantasy squad is ready to get hot in December.


It is Week 10 or so of the regular season, and your fantasy team is just rolling along. You have either clinched a playoff spot or are fairly close to doing so. You are stockpiled with solid starters and nice depth behind them. However, your league rules mandate that roster moves will end after all bye weeks are completed. Or when the playoffs start. You have dropped those unnecessary backup tight ends and kickers to give you room for important RB/WR depth, and you have three quarterbacks because your starter has been dinged up a bit.

If your league allows moves through the playoffs, this section is unnecessary. However, many leagues end moves a few weeks before the playoffs, or when the playoffs start. Do not forget an essential part of fantasy depth - Murphy's Law: "Whatever can go wrong, will." If you leave yourself only one kicker after all roster moves are done, it is almost a guarantee that the first play of your fantasy playoffs, your kicker pulls his groin.

Even though you'll hate watching your ditched talent accumulate points on the waiver wire or someone else's team, you'll have to make sure that, before your roster is closed, you have a backup tight end and a backup kicker and drop to only one backup quarterback and only one defense (unless you're streaming defenses). Also try, if possible, to have the backup to your starting RB1. Moreover, tend to have no more than one backup for each starting wide receiver. If you start two, have at most four on your roster. If you start three, have at most six. If you have a flex spot, use the backup wide receivers for that flex spot provided you don't already plug in a running back. If your backup receivers (who sit on the bench anyway) are too valuable to simply drop, they need to be traded for improvement elsewhere - even for improvement to your starting kicker or tight end. Any leftover space goes to running backs for depth at that key position.

In this way, you will be prepared for the possibility of a catastrophic injury at any position. It is a very difficult thing to do if you are restricted by how many roster moves you can make per week or if you have a very limited roster size, but it is worth losing solid depth all the way down to WR5 and RB5 in order to still have a shot at the crown if you lose your starting kicker.

You may need to make some tough choices regarding backups. For instance, figuring out which player is the immediate backup for your starting running back can be tricky, but that is the individual you keep instead of either that RBBC guy you have for depth or that rookie you have been hanging onto hoping he'd emerge. You might err on whom you ditch, but you will be better insured against injury to your RB1 since you will have your starter's replacement. Of course, you need confidence that the coaches will use the backup that you kept to the same degree as the starter was used.

In deciding how to backup the tight end and kicker positions, any warm body that gets points each week will do, but look for one that has favorable matchups during your fantasy playoff. Dump that defense by committee and commit to one defense with a favorable playoff schedule. Do, as you will in managing your team's injury risk. Just remember that during the playoffs there is nothing worse than guaranteeing yourself a zero at a kicker or tight end position when you have an otherwise Super Bowl-ready squad.

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