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Quality Starts: Wide Receiver (PPR Scoring)

Quality Starts for 2015 for Wide Receivers Using PPR Scoring

There are some fantasy football players that believe that the lineup you pick can lose you a game just as much as it can win a contest. Having a player give you a consistent performance week after week can be considered more valuable than a player who goes off every third week and then takes two weeks off between those fantastic performances. Consistency has a value, and it does not take much of a leap to understand that players that you can rely on for solid games when you need them (such as in your postseason) are a huge advantage.

Baseball has a term called "Quality Starts" for pitchers, which is a statistic that represents how often a starting pitcher will put up a good (not great, just good) performance in a given game. The bar is set neither high nor low (six innings pitched, three earned runs or fewer) so as to gauge a decent performance. The theory behind it is that if your pitcher gives you a Quality Start, your team has a fighting chance to win a given game.

So now we need to translate this to football. What is "quality" for each position? How do we define a "Quality Start" for quarterbacks or running backs or any other position? Looking back at the 2015 season, I decided to take the #24 WR for the year (T.Y. Hilton, 211.4 fantasy points) and take that fantasy total and divide it by 16 for a per game average. Now a case can be made to argue against doing this. I did not account for missed games or a per-start performance metric, but I believe that the numbers will get averaged out by doing this method. Also, taking WR24 seems a bit arbitrary, but if you are looking for a bare minimum of quality, the 24th WR should be the "worst starter" in your fantasy league as a WR2 and a great WR3.

So now we move on to the next question - one of quantifying the quality. At what point do we decide whether or not a wide receiver has given us a quality performance? Here is where it gets a bit murky, but looking at the distribution of WR performances by starters over the season and it becomes evident that the using the 24th WR average and adding or subtracting a percentage gives us a good range for a WR Quality Start.

Using the WR Quality Start range, we can also define a bad performance or an excellent performance as either falling below or exceeding the Quality Start range. Table 1 gives us the fantasy points that it takes to fall in each of the three areas:

WR Start TypeFantasy Points
Bad Start 0 to 9.9
Quality Start 10.0 to 16.5
Excellent Start 16.6+

Table 1: 2015 WR Quality Start and Fantasy Point Ranges - PPR Scoring

Table 2 shows us the breakdown of all the Top 75 WRs from 2015 and how many of each type of start resulted for each:

Wide Receiver Team Excellent Quality Bad Total
Antonio Brown PIT 10 3 3 16
Julio Jones ATL 11 4 1 16
Brandon Marshall NYJ 11 5 0 16
DeAndre Hopkins HOU 11 3 2 16
Odell Beckham NYG 11 1 3 15
Allen Robinson JAC 8 6 2 16
Larry Fitzgerald ARI 10 3 3 16
A.J. Green CIN 6 7 3 16
Demaryius Thomas DEN 9 6 1 16
Jarvis Landry MIA 8 7 1 16
Doug Baldwin SEA 7 4 5 16
Calvin Johnson DET 6 7 3 16
Eric Decker NYJ 8 7 0 15
Brandin Cooks NOS 7 3 6 16
Jeremy Maclin KCC 5 6 4 15
Jordan Matthews PHI 6 4 6 16
Michael Crabtree OAK 4 7 5 16
Emmanuel Sanders DEN 7 3 4 14
Allen Hurns JAC 6 5 4 15
Sammy Watkins BUF 7 2 3 12
Amari Cooper OAK 6 3 6 15
Mike Evans TBB 6 4 4 14
Golden Tate DET 3 8 5 16
T.Y. Hilton IND 4 6 6 16
John Brown ARI 4 7 3 14
Randall Cobb GBP 4 6 6 16
Kamar Aiken BAL 3 10 2 15
Tavon Austin STL 4 4 8 16
Travis Benjamin CLE 5 4 6 15
James Jones GBP 4 5 5 14
Pierre Garcon WAS 2 10 4 16
Willie Snead NOS 4 4 6 14
Rueben Randle NYG 3 6 7 16
Ted Ginn Jr. CAR 3 5 6 14
Marvin Jones CIN 2 7 7 16
Julian Edelman NEP 5 3 1 9
Donte Moncrief IND 4 4 8 16
Michael Floyd ARI 5 4 5 14
Martavis Bryant PIT 5 3 3 11
Anquan Boldin SFO 5 2 7 14
Keenan Allen SDC 5 2 1 8
Alshon Jeffery CHI 4 3 2 9
Tyler Lockett SEA 4 1 9 14
Terrance Williams DAL 3 4 8 15
Markus Wheaton PIT 2 5 9 16
Danny Amendola NEP 5 2 7 14
Stefon Diggs MIN 4 2 7 13
Jermaine Kearse SEA 2 7 3 12
Nate Washington HOU 2 3 8 13
Cole Beasley DAL 2 2 9 13
Jamison Crowder WAS 2 4 10 16
Rishard Matthews MIA 2 5 3 10
Steve Smith BAL 3 2 2 7
Torrey Smith SFO 2 3 9 14
Kenny Britt STL 1 6 6 13
Marques Colston NOS 2 2 9 13
Robert Woods BUF 1 2 10 13
Andre Johnson IND 2 1 10 13
Dorial Green-Beckham TEN 2 3 6 11
Stevie Johnson SDC 2 3 4 9
Cecil Shorts HOU 1 5 4 10
Seth Roberts OAK 1 3 9 13
Brian Hartline CLE 2 4 4 10
Devin Funchess CAR 1 3 10 14
Vincent Jackson TBB 1 4 5 10
Jerricho Cotchery CAR 0 5 9 14
DeSean Jackson WAS 3 1 4 8
Davante Adams GBP 2 1 9 12
Corey Brown CAR 0 4 10 14
Malcom Floyd SDC 1 3 9 13
Dontrelle Inman SDC 2 3 6 11
Dwayne Harris NYG 2 2 9 13
Roddy White ATL 0 4 10 14
Mike Wallace MIN 1 2 11 14
Kendall Wright TEN 2 1 7 10
    310 305 412  

Table 2: 2015 WR Start Types Sorted By Top 75 WRs - PPR Scoring

That's a lot of info to digest, so let me help. First, we see that there are slightly more Excellent Starts (310) than there are Quality Starts (305), which marks the fourth year in a row (2015 was 325 and 290, 2013 was 322 and 281 and 2012 was 355 and 319, respectively) that we had more Excellent than Quality Starts.  That's a bit remarkable as the three prior seasons (2009-2011) did not show this trait - you have to go back to 2008 to have more Excellent than Quality Starts for a given year.  The numbers were closer and favored Quality Starts those particular three seasons (315-340 in 2011, 332-381 in 2010 and 332-348 in 2009).   Last year there were also a lot of Bad Starts (412), but we are only looking for the best here, plus a "start" is not as definitive for a positional player that may just see partial playing time. The net results look like a good trend, which means that our distribution is close to normal and that our baseline point range does make sense. 

Now, to dig deeper, let's look at the numbers distributed in two different ways. First, I need to define a valuable starting wide receiver in this system. We want a WR that will win more fantasy games than lose them, so we want either "Quality" or "Excellent" starts. Using a simple formula of scoring each type of start, we can define the value of a given NFL wide receiver. Here is the formula:

STARTING FANTASY WR VALUE = EXCELLENT STARTS - BAD STARTS

We neglect to look at Quality Starts because they neither win games nor lose them on average - they are just average WR performances. We only really care about how often he helps our team vs. how often he hurts it. Giving a "-1" value to bad starts and "+1" to excellent ones does this for us.

On with the results, sorted by value:

Wide Receiver Team Excellent Quality Bad Total Net Val
Brandon Marshall NYJ 11 5 0 16 11
Julio Jones ATL 11 4 1 16 10
DeAndre Hopkins HOU 11 3 2 16 9
Odell Beckham NYG 11 1 3 12 8
Demaryius Thomas DEN 9 6 1 16 8
Eric Decker NYJ 8 7 0 14 8
Antonio Brown PIT 10 3 3 16 7
Larry Fitzgerald ARI 10 3 3 16 7
Jarvis Landry MIA 8 7 1 14 7
Allen Robinson JAC 8 6 2 16 6
Sammy Watkins BUF 7 2 3 15 4
Julian Edelman NEP 5 3 1 15 4
Keenan Allen SDC 5 2 1 16 4
A.J. Green CIN 6 7 3 15 3
Calvin Johnson DET 6 7 3 16 3
Emmanuel Sanders DEN 7 3 4 16 3
Doug Baldwin SEA 7 4 5 14 2
Allen Hurns JAC 6 5 4 13 2
Mike Evans TBB 6 4 4 14 2
Martavis Bryant PIT 5 3 3 14 2
Alshon Jeffery CHI 4 3 2 16 2
Brandin Cooks NOS 7 3 6 11 1
Jeremy Maclin KCC 5 6 4 16 1
John Brown ARI 4 7 3 15 1
Kamar Aiken BAL 3 10 2 16 1
Steve Smith BAL 3 2 2 13 1
Jordan Matthews PHI 6 4 6 16 0
Amari Cooper OAK 6 3 6 14 0
Michael Floyd ARI 5 4 5 16 0
Michael Crabtree OAK 4 7 5 15 -1
Travis Benjamin CLE 5 4 6 15 -1
James Jones GBP 4 5 5 10 -1
Jermaine Kearse SEA 2 7 3 16 -1
Rishard Matthews MIA 2 5 3 14 -1
DeSean Jackson WAS 3 1 4 15 -1
Golden Tate DET 3 8 5 15 -2
T.Y. Hilton IND 4 6 6 16 -2
Randall Cobb GBP 4 6 6 13 -2
Pierre Garcon WAS 2 10 4 10 -2
Willie Snead NOS 4 4 6 15 -2
Anquan Boldin SFO 5 2 7 14 -2
Danny Amendola NEP 5 2 7 12 -2
Stevie Johnson SDC 2 3 4 15 -2
Brian Hartline CLE 2 4 4 12 -2
Ted Ginn Jr. CAR 3 5 6 14 -3
Stefon Diggs MIN 4 2 7 16 -3
Cecil Shorts HOU 1 5 4 15 -3
Tavon Austin STL 4 4 8 15 -4
Rueben Randle NYG 3 6 7 14 -4
Donte Moncrief IND 4 4 8 15 -4
Dorial Green-Beckham TEN 2 3 6 16 -4
Vincent Jackson TBB 1 4 5 14 -4
Dontrelle Inman SDC 2 3 6 14 -4
Marvin Jones CIN 2 7 7 10 -5
Tyler Lockett SEA 4 1 9 15 -5
Terrance Williams DAL 3 4 8 15 -5
Kenny Britt STL 1 6 6 14 -5
Kendall Wright TEN 2 1 7 15 -5
Nate Washington HOU 2 3 8 16 -6
Markus Wheaton PIT 2 5 9 16 -7
Cole Beasley DAL 2 2 9 15 -7
Torrey Smith SFO 2 3 9 16 -7
Marques Colston NOS 2 2 9 13 -7
Davante Adams GBP 2 1 9 14 -7
Dwayne Harris NYG 2 2 9 16 -7
Jamison Crowder WAS 2 4 10 14 -8
Andre Johnson IND 2 1 10 16 -8
Seth Roberts OAK 1 3 9 15 -8
Malcom Floyd SDC 1 3 9 13 -8
Robert Woods BUF 1 2 10 12 -9
Devin Funchess CAR 1 3 10 13 -9
Jerricho Cotchery CAR 0 5 9 16 -9
Corey Brown CAR 0 4 10 14 -10
Roddy White ATL 0 4 10 15 -10
Mike Wallace MIN 1 2 11 15 -10

Table 3: 2015 WR Start Types Sorted By Value - PPR Scoring

This is a lot of information once again, but some names leap out at us. The first observation is that there are an extraordinary number of receivers with a positive Net Value that had fewer than three or less Bad Starts in all of 2015, including all of the Top 15 names on the list.  Further, of the 26 wide receivers with a positive Net Value, only six of them had four or more bad starts.  That tells you that if you had started any of the Top 26 wideouts on this list last year, you had an 80% or higher chance of them either helping your team get a fantasy victory or at worst providing a competitive point total.  It is decidedly clear that getting 2-4 top notch receivers on your fantasy team is critical to success in today's pass-happy NFL. 

Lastly I will sift through it for you and get right to the heart of the matter with our final table. Here we have the results sorted by value for the Top 48 WRs on the 2016 ADP list.

Wide Receiver Team Excellent Quality Bad Total Net Val ADP
Brandon Marshall NYJ 11 5 0 16 11 23
Julio Jones ATL 11 4 1 16 10 3
DeAndre Hopkins HOU 11 3 2 16 9 6
Odell Beckham NYG 11 1 3 15 8 2
Demaryius Thomas DEN 9 6 1 16 8 25
Eric Decker NYJ 8 7 0 15 8 58
Antonio Brown PIT 10 3 3 16 7 1
Jarvis Landry MIA 8 7 1 16 7 33
Larry Fitzgerald ARI 10 3 3 16 7 51
Allen Robinson JAC 8 6 2 16 6 13
Keenan Allen SDC 5 2 1 8 4 21
Sammy Watkins BUF 7 2 3 12 4 29
Julian Edelman NEP 5 3 1 9 4 37
A.J. Green CIN 6 7 3 16 3 8
Emmanuel Sanders DEN 7 3 4 14 3 56
Alshon Jeffery CHI 4 3 2 9 2 17
Mike Evans TBB 6 4 4 14 2 20
Doug Baldwin SEA 7 4 5 16 2 47
Allen Hurns JAC 6 5 4 15 2 62
Brandin Cooks NOS 7 3 6 16 1 22
Jeremy Maclin KCC 5 6 4 15 1 42
John Brown ARI 4 7 3 14 1 71
Steve Smith BAL 3 2 2 7 1 111
Amari Cooper OAK 6 3 6 15 0 19
Michael Floyd ARI 5 4 5 14 0 50
Jordan Matthews PHI 6 4 6 16 0 52
DeVante Parker MIA 2 3 3 8 -1 63
Michael Crabtree OAK 4 7 5 16 -1 79
DeSean Jackson WAS 3 1 4 8 -1 86
Travis Benjamin CLE 5 4 6 15 -1 103
T.Y. Hilton IND 4 6 6 16 -2 27
Randall Cobb GBP 4 6 6 16 -2 32
Golden Tate DET 3 8 5 16 -2 44
Willie Snead NOS 4 4 6 14 -2 110
Stefon Diggs MIN 4 2 7 13 -3 102
Donte Moncrief IND 4 4 8 16 -4 70
Dorial Green-Beckham TEN 2 3 6 11 -4 90
Tavon Austin STL 4 4 8 16 -4 109
Dez Bryant DAL 1 2 6 9 -5 12
Tyler Lockett SEA 4 1 9 14 -5 80
Marvin Jones CIN 2 7 7 16 -5 85
Markus Wheaton PIT 2 5 9 16 -7 108
Jordy Nelson GBP INJURED 14
Kelvin Benjamin CAR INJURED 31
Kevin White CHI INJURED 76
Corey Coleman CLE ROOKIE 83
Laquon Treadwell MIN ROOKIE 93
Sterling Shepard NYG ROOKIE 95

Table 4: 2016 Top Drafted WRs Sorted By 2015 Value - PPR Scoring

Note that three rookies (Corey Coleman, Laquon Treadwell and Sterling Shepard) are listed at the bottom of this list along with three receivers (Jordy Nelson, Kelvin Benjamin and Kevin White) that were injured most or all of 2015. This year I expanded the list to a Top 48 to provide more detail for fantasy drafts this season.

Judging form 2015, there are some definite values at the top of the chart.  If you believe that Ryan Fitzpatrick will return to the Jets, or that the passing game will be competitive even if he does not, both Brandon Marshall and Eric Decker are tremendous values.  Larry Fitzgerald's return to WR1 status (and nose for the end zone) also presents solid value for this season.  Secondary targets on solid passing games such as John Brown or Allen Hurns are also strong value plays.  Lastly, players coming off of disappointing or injury-related seasons (such as Steve Smith of the Ravens) can also provide value.       

On the flip side, we have to take a long look at the wide receivers in the Top 36 that are hard to justify their place here based on Quality Starts from last season. Much is expected of Dez Bryant this year, but his numbers were not good in 2015.  Was it related to the Cowboys struggles without Tony Romo, or the loss of balance on offense, or Dez Bryant's injury woes?  Perhaps it wall all of the above, but given his high ADP and the likelihood of Dallas getting back to running the ball more has me looking elsewhere at the end of Round 1 or in Round 2 for a top notch receiver.  Golden Tate is another receiver with concerns, both on the chart (-2 Net Value) and the loss of Calvin Johnson (retired) in Detroit.  Could Tate become an elite receiver this year?  Possibly - but last year's statistics for Tate should give you some doubt.  That reminds me to provide the annual warning with this data - there is no reason to believe in these numbers as 100% indicationsof 2016 performance, but having this information available should give you more to think about when deciding who you will have leading your fantasy team this year. 

Questions, suggestions and comments are always welcome to pasquino@footballguys.com.